Arsip Tag: spesifikasi

Bronze LG2 C83600 AS & Hollow

Bronze atau perunggu adalah paduan logam, yang terutama terdiri dari tembaga. Bronze biasanya terdiri dari sekitar 12% timah dan sering dengan penambahan logam lain seperti aluminium, mangan, nikel atau seng dan kadang-kadang juga non-logam atau metaloid seperti arsenik, fosfor atau silikon. Maksud penambahan ini adalah untuk menghasilkan paduan yang lebih keras daripada tembaga saja, atau memiliki sifat yang berguna lainnya, seperti kekakuan, ductility atau machinability.
Aluminium bronze adalah jenis perunggu dimana aluminium sebagai paduan utama ditambahkan ke tembaga, sementara fosfor bronze kandungan fosfor yang signifikan hingga 1%. Fosfor bronze adalah paduan tembaga dengan 3,5 sampai 10%  adalah timah. Fosfor ditambahkan sebagai deoxidizing selama mencair.

Bronze LG2 mengacu kepada standard designations dan specification:
CuSn5Pb5Zn5, BS.1400 LG2, ASTM B 505 C83600, ASTM B 271 C83600, ASTM B 584 C83600, AS 1565 1974 836B, SAE J461, SAE J462, SAE 40, AS 1565-1985 C83600, AS 1565 1974 836B, AMS 4855, JIS H5111, JIS H2203, DIN 1705 G-CuSn5ZnPb 2.1096.01, RG5,Mil-B-11553 Comp 2, Mil-C-14345 Alloy 1,

Aluminium Bronze AB2 specifications:
CuAl10Fe5Ni5, BS 1400 AB2, ASTM B505 C95500, ASTM B148 C95500, ASTM B271 C95500, BS EN 1982-2008 GC CC333G, SAE J461, Def Stan 02 747 Part 1, NES 747 Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, AMS 4870C, UNI 5275, AMS4880, AS1565 C95500 HT, DIN1714 GC CuAl10Ni 2,0975.04

Phosphor Bronze PB2 specifications:
CuSn11P, BS 1400 PB2, BS EN 1982-2008 GC CC481K, ASTM B 505 C90700, AS 1565-1985 C90810, AS 1565-1974 904D, SAE 65C, UNI 7013-72-2A, DIN 1705 2.1052.04

Komposisi Kimia Bronze LG2, AB2 & PB2 (%)

Cu Zn Sn Pb Si P Al Fe S Ni
LG2 84.0-86.0 4.0-6.0 4.0-6.0 4.0-6.0 0.005 Max 0.005 Max 0.005 Max 0.03 Max 0.08 Max 1.0 Max
AB2 79.0 Min 0.5 0.1 0.03 0.1 8.8- 10.0 4.0- 5.5  – 4.0- 5.5
PB2 Balance 0.0-0.2 11.0-13.0 0.0-0.02 0.02 0.01-0.4 0.01 0.0-0.1 1.0 Max

Perbandingan Sifat Mekanik Bronze LG2, AB2, PB2

Mechanical Properties Bronze LG2 AB2 PB2
Tensile Strength (MPa) 255 660 400
Yield Strength (MPa) 112 280 190
Kekerasan, Brinell 60 150 120
Pemanjangan Putus (Elongation at break) (%) 30.0 14.0 20.0
Impact Izod J20°C 26 24

Perbandingan Sifat Physical Bronze LG2, AB2 & PB2

Sifat Physical Bronze LG2 AB2 PB2
Berat Jenis (g/cm³) 8.8 7.6 8.8
Titik Lebur  (°C) 855-1010 1050-1080 831-999
Konduktivitas Termal (W/mK) 71 42 45
Resistivitas Listrik (μΩ.m15°C) 0.11 0.22 0.17
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (0-250°C) 18 17 19

Tabel Ukuran dan Berat Roundbar Bronze LG2 C83600 SOLID

SIZE BERAT
inch mm Kg/meter
1/2″ 12.7 1.42
5/8″ 15.88 2.13
3/4″ 19.05 2.97
7/8″ 22.22 3.96
1″ 25.4 5.08
1-1/8″ 28.58 6.37
1-1/4″ 31.75 7.72
 1-3/8″ 34.93 9.31
1-1/2″ 38.1 11.02
1-5/8″ 41.28 12.84
1-3/4″ 44.45 14.82
 1-7/8″ 47.63 17.2
2″ 50.8 19.17
2-1/4″ 57.15 24.12
2-1/2″ 63.5 29.63
2-3/4″ 69.85 35.74
3″ 76.2 42.37
3-1/4″ 82.55 49.57
3-1/2″ 88.9 57.35
 3-3/4″ 95.25 65.7
4″ 101.6 74.58
 4-1/4″ 107.95 84.05
4-1/2″ 114.3 94.08
5″ 127 114.81
5-1/2″ 139.7 140.6
6″ 152.4 164.68
6-1/2″ 165.1 197.35
7″ 177.8 229.68
8″ 203.2 295.94
9″ 228.6 372.9
10″ 254 459.02
11″ 279 562.57

Tabel Ukuran dan Berat Roundbar Bronze LG2 C83600 Hollow

SIZE BERAT
inch mm Kg/meter
7/8 X 1/2 22.22 X 12.70 2.82
1  X 1/2 25.40 X  12.70 4.22
1 X 5/8 25.40 X 15.88 3.42
1  X 3/4 25.40 X  19.05 2.94
1-1/8 X 3/4 28.58 X 19.05 4.25
1-1/4 X 1/2 31.75 X  12.70 6.9
1-1/4 X 3/4 31.75 X  19.05 5.74
1-1/4 X 1 31.75 X  25.40 3.76
1-3/8 X 3/4 34.93 X  19.05 7.16
1-3/8 X 1 34.93 X  25.40 5.31
1-1/2 X 1/2 38.10 X  12.70 10.13
1-1/2 X 3/4 38.10 X  19.05 8.84
1-1/2 X 1 38.10 X  25.40 7.03
1-1/2 X 1-1/4 38.10 X  31.75 4.62
 1-5/8 X 11/16 41.28 X  17.46 8.58
1-5/8 X 1 41.28 X  25.40 8.84
1-5/8 X 1-1/4 41.28 X 31.75 6.4
1-3/4 X 1/2 44.45 X 12.70 13.78
1-3/4 X 3/4 44.45 X  19.05 12.67
1-3/4 X 1 44.45 X  25.40 10.86
1-3/4 X 1-1/4 44.45 X  31.75 8.42
1-3/4 X 1-1/2 44.45 X  38.10 5.45
2  X 1/2 50.80 X  12.70 18.35
2  X 3/4 50.80 X  19.05 17.06
2  X 1 50.80 X  25.40 15.21
2  X 1-1/4 50.80 X  31.75 12.8
2  X 1-1/2 50.80 X  38.10 9.83
2  X 1-3/4 50.80 X  44.45 6.6
2-1/4  X 3/4 57.20 X 19.05 21.87
2-1/4 X 1 57.20 X  25.40 20.16
2-1/4 X 1-1/4 57.20 X  31.75 17.75
2-1/4 X 1-1/2 57.20 X  38.10 14.95
2-1/4 X 1-3/4 57.20 X  44.45 11.22
2-1/4 X 2 57.20 X  50.80 7.13
2-1/2 X 3/4 63.50 X  19.05 27.52
2-1/2 X 1 63.50 X  25.40 25.67
2-1/2 X 1-1/4 63.50 X 31.75 22.7
2-1/2 X 1-1/2 63.50 X  38.10 20.26
2-1/2 X  1-3/4 63.50 X  44.45 16.73
2-1/2 X 2 63.50 X  50.80 12.61
2-3/4 X 1 69.85 X  25.40 31.75
2-3/4 X 1-1/4 69.85 X  31.75 29.15
2-3/4 X 1-1/2 69.85 X  38.10 26.07
2-3/4 X 1-3/4 69.85 X  44.45 22.8
2-3/4 X 2 69.85 X  50.80 18.71
2-3/4 X 2-1/4 69.85 X  57.15 14.03
3  X 1 76.20 X  25.40 38.41
3  X 1-1/4 76.20 X  31.75 35.97
3  X 1-1/2 76.20 X  38.10 33
3  X 1-3/4 76.20 X  44.45 29.47
3  X 2 76.20 X  50.80 25.34
3  X 2-1/4 76.20 X  57.20 20.69
3 X 2-1/2 76.20 X  63.50 15.44
3-1/4 X 1 82.55 X  25.40 45.61
3-1/4 X 1-1/4 82.55 X  31.75 43.2
3-1/4 X 1-1/2 82.55 X  38.10 40.23
3-1/4 X 1-3/4 82.55 X  44.45 36.66
3-1/4 X 2 82.55 X  50.80 32.57
3-1/4 X 2-1/4 82.55 X  57.15 27.89
3-1/4 X 2-1/2 82.55 X  63.50 22.67
3-1/4 X 2-3/4 82.55 X 69.85 16.75
3-1/2 X 1 88.90 X  25.40 53.39
3-1/2 X 1-1/2 88.90 X  38.10 47.98
3-1/2 X 1-3/4 88.90 X  44.45 44.45
3-1/2 X 2 88.90 X  50.80 40.33
3-1/2 X 2-1/4 88.90 X  57.20 35.67
3-1/2 X 2-1/2 88.90 X  63.50 30.43
3-1/2 X 2-3/4 88.90 X  69.85 24.62
3-1/2 X 3 88.90 X  76.20 21.23
3-3/4 X 1 95.25 X 25.40 60.6
3-3/4 X 1-3/4 95.25 X 44.45 53.17
3-3/4 X 2 95.25 X  50.80 48.71
3-3/4 X 2-1/2 95.25 X  63.50 38.78
3-3/4 X 2-3/4 95.25 X  69.85 32.97
3-3/4 X 3 95.25 X  76.20 26.6
4  X  1 101.60 X  25.40 70.62
4  X 1-1/2 101.60 X  38.10 65.21
4  X 2 101.60 X  50.80 57.59
4  X 2-1/2 101.60 X  63.50 47.69
4  X 2-3/4 101.60 X  69.85 41.88
4  X 3 101.60 X  76.20 35.51
4  X 3-1/2 101.60 X  88.90 23.07
4-1/4 X 2-3/4 107.90 X  69.85 51.35
4-1/2 X 1-1/2 114.30 X 38.10 87.12
4-1/2 X 2 114.30 X  50.80 77.09
4-1/2 X 2-1/2 114.30 X  63.50 67.19
4-1/2 X 3 114.30 X  76.20 55.01
4-1/2 X 3-1/2 114.30 X  88.90 42.57
4-1/2 X 4 114.30 X  101.60 26.17
4-3/4 X 2 120.65 X  50.80 87.71
5 X 2 127.00 X  50.80 98.87
5  X 2-1/2 127.00 X  63.50 88.97
5  X 3 127.00 X  76.20 76.79
5  X 3-1/2 127.00 X  88.90 64.35
5  X 4 127.00 X  101.60 47.95
5 X 4-1/2 127.00 X  114.30 29.34
5-1/2 X 2 139.70 X  50.80 122.89
5-1/2 X 2-1/2 139.70 X  63.50 112.99
5-1/2 X 3 139.70 X  76.20 100.82
5-1/2 X 3-1/2 139.70 X  88.90 88.37
5-1/2 X 4 139.70 X  101.60 71.97
5-1/2 X 4-1/2 139.70 X  114.30 53.3
6  X 2 152.40 X  50.80 149.19
6  X  2-1/2 152.40 X 63.50 141
6  X 3 152.40 X  76.20 127.12
6  X 3-1/2 152.40 X  88.90 114.68
6  X 4 152.40 X  101.60 98.27
6  X  4-1/2 152.40 X  114.30 79.6
6  X  5 152.40 X  127.00 58.67
6-1/2 X 3 165.10 X 76.20 159
6-1/2 X 3-1/2 165.10 X 88.90 146.24
6-1/2 X 4 165.10 X  101.60 130.71
6-1/2 X 4-1/2 165.10 X  114.30 112.04
6-1/2 X  5 165.10 X  127.00 91.11
6-1/2 X  5-1/2 165.10 X  139.70 67.91
7  X 3 177.80 X  76.20 190.67
7 X  4 177.80 X  101.60 162
7  X  5 177.80 X  127.00 122.2
7  X  5-1/2 177.80 X  139.70 99
7  X  6 177.80 X  152.40 73.56
7-1/2 X 4 190.50 X 101.60 193.53
7-1/2  X 5-1/2 190.50 X  139.70 132.4
7-1/2 X 6 190.50 X  152.40 106.95
8 X 3 203.20 X 76.20 258.1
8 X 4 203.20 X  101.60 230.84
8  X  4-1/2 203.20 X  114.30 220
8  X  5 203.20 X  127.00 191.24
8 X 6 203.20 X  152.40 142.56
8 X 7 203.20 X 177.80 84.33
8-1/2  X  4 215.90 X  101.60 275.65
8-1/2 X 7 215.90 X 177.80 129.2
9 X 5 228.60 X 127.00 265.9
9 X 6 228.60 x 152.40 218.3
9 X 7 228.60 X 177.80 160.2
9 X 8 228.60 X 203.20 96.54
10 X 5 254.00 X 127.00 352.5
10 X 6 254.00 X 152.40 303.9
10 X 7 254.00 X 177.80 250.4
10 X 8 254.00 X 203.20 180.25
10 X 9 254.00 X 228.60 108.2
11 X 7 279.40 X 177.80 341.9
11 X 8 279.40 X 203.20 276.2
11 X 9 279.40 X 228.60 198.91
12 X 6 304.80 X 152.4 512.3
12 X 8 304.80 X 203.20 395
12 X 9 304.80 X 228.60 308.25
12 X 10 304.80 X 254.00 226.2

Application
Bronze LG2: Valve bodies, pump bodies, elbows, pipes, gear, taps and cocks.
Aluminium Bronze AB2: slow moving bearings, bushings and landing gear aerospace. Can also be used in sea water applications.
Phosphor Bronze PB2: Gears, Bearings for Heavy Loads and Relatively Low Speeds, Gear Boxes, Speed Reducers, Valve Bodies, Worm Gears

Source: www.copper.org
www.emeraldinsight.com
www.copperalliance.org.uk
www.en.wikipedia.org

Aluminium Dural 7075 & Marine Grade 5083, 6061

aluminium lembaran
Standard
ASTM B 209: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate
ASTM B 210: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes
ASTM B 211: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Bar, Rod, and Wire
ASTM B 221: Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Bars, Rods, Wire, Profiles, and Tubes
EN 485-2: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Sheet, strip and plate. Mechanical properties
EN 573-3: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Chemical composition and form of wrought products. Chemical composition and form of products
EN 754-2: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Cold drawn rod/bar and tube. Mechanical properties
EN 755-2: Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles. Mechanical properties
ISO 6361: Wrought Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Sheets, Strips and Plates

Chemical Composition ( Wt.%)

Composition Aluminium Alloy Grade
7075 6061 5083 5052
Al 87.1 – 91.4 95.8 – 98.6 92.4 – 95.6 95.7 – 97.7
Cr 0.18 – 0.28 0.04 – 0.35 0.05 – 0.25 0.15 – 0.35
Cu 1.2 – 2.0 0.15 – 0.40 Max 0.1 Max 0.1
Fe Max 0.5 Max 0.7 Max 0.4 Max 0.4
Mg 2.1 – 2.9 0.8 – 1.2 4.0 – 4.9 2.2 – 2.8
Mn Max 0.3 Max 0.15 0.4 – 1.0 Max 0.1
Si Max 0.4 0.4 – 0.8 Max 0.4 Max 0.25
Ti Max 0.2 Max 0.15 Max 0.15
Zn 5.1 – 6.1 Max 0.25 Max 0.25 Max 0.1
Other, each Max 0.05 Max 0.05 Max 0.05 Max 0.05
Other, total Max 0.15 Max 0.15 Max 0.15 Max 0.15

Availability
Plate
Aluminium plat 7075 Thk 0.41mm – 8″, Size 4ft x 8ft, 4ft x 12ft
Aluminium plat 6061 Thk 0,71mm – 519mm size 4ft x 8ft, 4ft x 12ft, 5ft x 10ft, 5ft x 12ft
Aluminium plat 6082 Thk 5mm – 50mm size 5ft x 10ft
Aluminium plat 5083 Thk 1.5mm – 7″, Size 4ft x 8ft, 4ft x 12ft, 5ft x 10ft, 5ft x 12ft, 2m x 6m
Aluminium plat 5052 Thk 0.4mm – 60mm, size 4ft x 8ft, 4ft x 12ft
Aluminium plat 2024 Thk 41mm – 6 ” Size 4ft x 8ft, 4ft x 12ft
Aluminium plat 1100 Thk 0,4mm – 25mm Size 4ft x 8ft, 4ft x 12ft, 5ft x 10ft, 5ft x 12ft
Roundbar
Aluminium rod 6061 Dia 3/ 16 ” ~ 497mm 3ft~ 16ft( L )
Aluminium rod 2011 Dia 3/ 16 ” ~ 9/ 16 ” 8ft~ 12ft( L )
Aluminium rod 2024 Dia 1/ 4~ 14 ” 5ft~ 12ft( L )
Aluminium rod 7075 Dia 1/ 8 ” ~ 14 ” 3ft~ 12ft( L )
Aluminium Square 6061 1/ 4 ” – 250mm , 6ft~ 16ft( L )
Aluminium Hex 6061 1/ 4 ” ~ 3 ” 10ft~ 12ft( L )

SEALIUM, Sheet/ Plate 5383 , Thk 4mm~ 32mm Size 2m x 6m
ALSORAN, KOBELCO, 5052 Thk 5mm~ 1 ” Size 5ft x 10ft
ALJADE, KOBELCO , 5052 Thk 5mm~ 30mm Size 5ft x 10ft
Mechanical Properties

Mechanical Properties (Metric) Aluminium Alloy Grade
7075 6061 5083 5052
Hardness, Brinell 150 95 85 60
Hardness, Knoop 191 120 109 83
Ultimate Tensile Strength (Mpa) 572 310 317 228
Tensile Yield Strength (Mpa) 503 276 228 193
Elongation at Break (%) 11 12 16 12
Modulus of Elasticity (Gpa) 71.7 68.9 70.3 70.3
Poisson’s Ratio 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33
Fatigue Strength (Mpa) 159 96.5 159 117
Fracture Toughness (MPa-m½) 20 29 43
Machinability (%) 70 50 30
Shear Modulus (Gpa) 26.9 26, 26.4, 25.9,
Shear Strength (Mpa) 331 207 190 138
Notched Tensile Strength (Mpa) 324
Ultimate Bearing Strength (Mpa) 607
Bearing Yield Strength (Mpa) 386
Modulus of Elasticity (Gpa) 71.0
Compressive Modulus (Gpa) 71.7

Physical Properties

Physical Properties (Metric) Aluminium Alloy Grade
7075 6061 5083 5052
Density (g/cc) 2.81 2.7 2.66 2.68
Electrical Resistivity (ohm-cm) 5.15e-006 3.99e-006 5.9e-006 4.99e-006
CTE, linear 250°C ( µm/m-°C) 25.2 25.2 26 25.7
Specific Heat Capacity ( J/g-°C) 0.96 0.896 0.9 0.88
Thermal Conductivity (W/m-K) 130 167 117 138
Melting Point ( °C) 477 – 635 582 – 652 591 – 638 607 – 649
Solidus ( °C) 477 582 591 607
Liquidus ( °C) 635 652 638 649

Processing

Processing Properties (Metric) Aluminium Alloy Grade
7075 6061 5083 5052
Annealing Temperature ( °C) 413 413 343
Solution Temperature ( °C) 466 – 482 529
Aging Temperature ( °C) 121 160
Hot-Working Temperature ( °C) 316 – 482 260 – 510

Applications:
Shipbuilding, Rail cars, Vehicle bodies, Tip truck bodies, Mine skips and cages, Pressure vessels,Aircraft fittings, camera lens mounts, couplings, marines fittings and hardware, electrical fittings and connectors, decorative or misc. hardware, hinge pins, magneto parts, brake pistons, hydraulic pistons, appliance fittings, valves and valve parts; bike frames,etc

Source:
Metals Handbook, Vol.2 – Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials, ASM International 10th Ed. 1990.

Metals Handbook, Howard E. Boyer and Timothy L. Gall, Eds., American Society for Metals, Materials Park, OH, 1985.

Structural Alloys Handbook, 1996 edition, John M. (Tim) Holt, Technical Ed; C. Y. Ho, Ed., CINDAS/Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 1996.